.8SVX Sample IFF Amiga. Similar to files called .WAW
.ADF file that contain all the data blocks from an 880 Kb Amiga floppy
.ADZ an .ADF file packed in Zip format
.ANIM Amiga Animation file format. Similar to .MOV .AVI
.ANIMBRUSH little ANIM that can be used for drawing
.BRUSH little IFF picture that can be used for drawing
.DMS file that contain all the data blocks from an 880 Kb Amiga floppy BUT compressed similar to.ADF or .ADZ
.GUIDE = AmigaGuide Amiga HyperText File Format. Similar to .HTM
.HDF HardFile file that contain all the data blocks from an hard drive.
.IFF General multi purpose Amiga File Format but often contains pictures.
.INFO files gots (often) an other file that contain their icon. Similar to to the Resource/Data system from the Mac. Example PPaint and PPaint.info. Drives got always an icon called DISK.INFO
.LHA files packer.This is the official packer for Aminet. Similar to WinZip, gzip, etc ... Main usage are " lha x foo.lha" for unpacking and "lha -r a drawer.lha mydrawer" for packing a directory
.MOD Soundtracker musical module = files that contains the samples and the partition
1.1 System frome the Historical first Amiga A1000
1.2 System from the Amiga that are classical and the oldest A1000 and A500
1.3 System from the Amiga that are classical and the oldest A2000 and A500
1760 Ko Size of the HD floppies when formated on Amiga
2.0 System from the Amiga A600 and A500+
2.1 System from the Amiga A600 and A500+
3.0 System from the Amiga AGA A4000 and A1200
3.1 System from the recents Amiga AGA A4000 and A1200 and CD32
3.5 Version from 1999 of the Amiga System. Similar to Win98
3.9 Last version from 2000 of the Amiga System. Similar to Win98
68000 processor (16/32bits) equivalent to the 386
68040 processor (32 bits+FPU+MMU) equivalent to 486 DX
68060 processor (superscalar) equivalent to Pentium 100
88O Ko Size of the DD floppies when formated on Amiga
A1000 Desktop Amiga with 68000 + OCS + System 1.2 or 1.3
A1200 Amiga with 68020 + AGA + System 3.1
A2000 Desktop Amiga with 68000 + OCS + System 1.2 or 1.3
A2500 Desktop Amiga with 68020
A3000 Desktop Amiga with 68030 + ECS + System 3.0+SCSI
A4040T Desktop Amiga with 68040 + AGA + System 3.1+SCSI
A4030 Desktop Amiga with 68030 + AGA + System 3.0
A4040 Desktop Amiga with 68040 + AGA + System 3.0
A500 Home Amiga with 68000 + OCS + System 1.2 or 1.3
A500+ Home Amiga with 68000 + OCS + System 2.0
A600 Home Amiga with 68000 + ECS + System 2.0
AGA = Advanced Graphic Architecture The "Custom Chips" 32 bits that are in the 1200 and 4000 and CD32. Allow (among other things) a bigger "Chip" memory (2 Mb) display in 256 colors, the HAM update to 262000 colors (HAM8), Hi-resolutions display modes like PAL 1280*512, blitter is fully 32 bits, enhanced Sprites , etc ... Compatible with PAL/NTSC/VGA/MultiSynchrone monitors or TV
AHI Amiga Driver for audio card
AMIGA see that page in french
AmigaDos, Dos Library that manage files, directories,etc ... Similar to MS-DOS
ARexx System Script language on Amiga Allow programs intercommunicating and interfacing. Similar to Rexx
AROS = Amiga Research OS Project whose goal is to rewrite AmigaOS 3.1 in C for all the kind of computers (mainly Linux and IBM PC native ).
Assign Amiga Shell command that allow to create logical names for drives or directory. Example: assign FONTS: wb3.1:fonts
Bitplanes Pixels that are
displayed on screen come from binary data called a "bit planes" it's a
black and white image where each bit represent a black (0) or white (1)
Blitter = Block Image Transferrer
One of the custom chip It's a graphic coprocessor like on modern graphic
Blit a blitter opérations.
BOBs Blitter object Graphical objetc that apppear in front of the screen background. Create by operations of copy / masking / inserting of the Blitter. It is made with binary datas from the screen
Bootblock Track (0 and 1) that allow
floppy to be bootables (made with "c:install df0:".
C: Directory thta contain the Shell commands . It's in SYS:/C. Similar to C:\DOS and not to C:\ from PC. See also SYS:
C2P "Chunky To Planes" format conversion software Typically convert a PC or Mac Screen to Amiga AGA native
Caligari24 3D Amiga Software that
have been adapted to PC with the name
CD0 : Standard name for a CD-ROM
CD32 Amiga Game console 68020 +
AGA + System 3.1 The first ever 32 bits + CD
CDTV Home Amiga 68000 + OCS with
CD-ROM intended to converge with black
Chip is the memory that is used
by the processor AND the "Custom Chips" of an Amiga for the graphics,
sound and partillay for gadgets, windows, DMA drives buffers,
Chunky For that kind of pixels
the data come from sequential data block in memory
Cinema4D An Amiga 3D Software that have been adapted on PC.
ClassAct Library that allow
to fully configure aspects and GUI. Only work for software that have been
Copper An other graphical coprocessor that allow to change resolutions,size,scroll/deform screen and change colors during display. This coprocessor has programs called CopperLists associed to a Screen.
Custom Chips Chips that have been
created by the Commodore Amiga Team
Cybergraphics Driver for Amiga graphic
card. Allow system display in more than 256 colors (15,16,24,32 bits)
CyberGL A port of OpenGL to Amiga OS with Cybergraphics
Datatypes objects that allow the reading/using (sometime writing) of all kind of files formats. This Amiga Dattypes system has been adapted to BeOS
Demos Animations and several effects
created for Programmation Competition called "DemoParty"
DMA Direct Memory Acces.Used by Custom Chips (more than 25 DMAs !!! ) and some additionnal cards so faaast (Examples: Audio, Blitter, Copper, Cards on ZorroIII, etc...)
DoomII PC Game that have been also adapted to Amiga
Dpaint (DeluxePaint) PPaint (Personnal Paint) Two very classical Bitmap drawing software on Amiga
Drag'n Drop allow to manipulate files by mouse dropping them in a requester. Easier that writing a name.
Dual Play Field Two independant Amiga "Screen" lay on each other on Screen, The foreground one let the other one appear where it has color 00
Early Startup similar to PC's SetUp You can get it by pressing early the two mouse buttons
Screen Amiga concept of hardware
windows that can be of different resolutions on a single monitor.
ECS = Enhanced Chip Set The old "Custom Chips" that are inside the Amigas 600 and some recents A 2000 and A500 Alow among other things a bigger "Chip" (2 Mb) and higger resolution modes like PAL 1280*512, etc ...
EGCS a more recent version of GCC that don't come from the GNU team but from Linux community.
Interlaced Some Screen resolution
are interlaced like TV notably the PAL and NTSC ones. When interlaced display
is donned in to time : first frame with odd lines, second frame with even
ENV-ARC: The directory SYS:Prefs/Env-Archive contain the backup of the system and applications settings and default icons (for files that don't have a .info) . Thta directory is copied to RAM: at boot in the directory ENV:
Exec Library contain the kernel of Amiga OS : multitasking, memory,etc... Exec has been written by Carl Sassenrath author of Rebol.
Extra-halfbrite False 64 colors
graphical mode. Same as 32 color mode with colors 32 -63 that are darker
than 32 firsts one.
Fast is the memory usable ONLY by the processor so it's faster. Because memory access aren't shared with "Custom Chips"
Fellow Amiga emulator better for games
G3, G4, PowerPC microprocessor Risc equivalent to Pentium III
GCC The C/ C++ compiler from GNU exist also on Unix/Linux and Geek Gadget
Geek Gadget A GNU/Linux port on AmigaOS with all utilities (Apache,GCC,etc...) made possible with ixemul.library
GG: Drive name assigned to the Geek Gadget directory (or drive) called GNU: some time ago.
GlowIcons A 256 colors icon set that remplace NewIcons. When selected they "glow" a yellow aura.
Graphics Library manage drawing of graphical opérations. Similar to X-Windows or Direct Draw
Guru Meditation Old classical name
for fatal errors messages (divide by 0, odd adressse, illégal adresse,etc
HAM = Hold And Modify Amiga image format that are hardware packed (6 bits per pixel in memory give 12 bits colors on screen ) , in 4096 colors
HAM8 same as HAM but on AGA chips with more than 262 000 colors (8 bits per pixel in memory give 18 bits colors on screen )
HereticII PC game that have been also adapted to Amiga
IBrowse, AWeb, Voyager. Similar to Netscape Navigator, IExplorer
Intro Same as Demo but more little (often 1 Kb or 64 Kb)
Intuition Library manage the gui : menus, gadgets, etc...
Ixemul Library Link library that allow to recompile on AmigaOS programs written for X-Windows/Unix
Kickstart ROM memory of the
Amigas that contain a (variable) part of the OS as dynamic & shared
libraries of functions (exec.library ,graphics.library ,dos.library,etc
Library Shared libraries of functions loaded by the programs using them. similar to DLL of the PC but less buggy and memory expansive.
LightWave 3D Software from Amiga that have been adapted on PC .
MagicWB An 8 colors icon set that replace the standard Workbench icon set.
MakeCD Similar to NERO, Easy CD Creator
MasterIso Similar to NERO, Easy CD Creator
MegaDemo A set of Demos brought together to be more attractive and longer.
Mesa A free port of OpenGL to Linux and Amiga
Miami a TCP/IP stack for Amiga OS
MiniGL A partial (speed oriented) port of OpenGL to Amiga OS with Warp3D
MUI Library that allow to fully configure aspects and GUI. Only work for software that have been written with it so very similar to ClassAct
Multiview Universal DragNdrop utilities for viewing/listening all files formats with datatypes. It is in SYS:Utilities
Myst PC game that have been adapted also to Amiga
NewIcons Icons set in 256 colors
compatible with MagicWB and the
OCS Old Chip Set : The "Custom Chips" that are inside the Originals Amigas like A1000, A500, CDTV and somes A2000. Allow displays like 640 * 512 (PAL) or 640*400 (NTSC) 16 colors and 320*512 in 32 colors. HAM and Extra-halfbrite Modes. 4 audio channels with DMA 8 bits and stereo. A total of 25 DMA channels for Blitter, Copper, etc...
OS3.5 Icons System icons set in 256 colors in GloWicons
format and aspect (yellow glowing).
Overlay Harware Window managed by
hardware in front of Screen . It's a kind of sprite but rectangular and
with no holes.
Paula = Custom Chip for sound with 4 channels stereo in 8 bits with DMA and volume enveloppe control
PC0: Classical name for the floppy drive in PC format.
Picasso96 Driver for Amiga graphics card (allow other résloution than AGA typically 24 bits and hardawre acceleration), adapted for PC graphics card (ie VESA ord DirectDraw ) for DosUAE and WinUAE
Power PC, PPC Risc processor used also in Macintosh equivalent to Pentium II
PREFS: The directory SYS:Prefs contains OS configuration programs (patterns, screen, printers...).
Quake Famous PC game that have been also adapted to Amiga
RAM: Ram Disk Virtual Drive made from Amiga memory (Allocation is dynamic). Création with Dir RAM:
Reaction Same as ClassAct but included in the System 3.5
Requester Standard Request Window for asking a Directory + file name or a Font or a Screen Mode (Drag'n Drop possible)
RTA ReTargetable Audio Audio System that use drivers (ie isn't custom chip dependant ) = AHI
RTG retargetable graphics Display
System that use drivers (ie isn't custom chip dependant ) as Picasso96
Scala MM400 Famous Amiga Multimedia Software multimédia also adapted to PC.
Scult4D Amiga 3D Software that have been adapted on PC and Mac.
SetPatch command launched at the beginning that correct (patch) some buggy functions from the ROM
SH Geek Gadget's Shell idem as Unix Shell.
ShapeShifter, Fusion . Two famous Mac Emulator on Amiga (and therefore UAE) . Fusion has been adapted to PC.
Shell Text interface for typing command like "dir" "list" similar to Shell Unix.
Shogo PC game that have been also adapted to Amiga
Slow Is a part of memory that can't be used by the old version of the "Custom Chips" limited to 512 Kb but with bus acces shared with the CPU. Older Amiga OS think it was fast Memory but no it wasn't = True fast mem don't share memory access.
Software Failure A New name for the "Guru meditations"
Sprite Graphical Object that appear
"inserted" in front of the screen. Harware managed by the Custom Chip it
ISNT in the sreen memory and ISNT and/ored with screen by Blitter. It's
only a Sprite pixel and Screen Pixel merging during display.
Startup-sequence System script
file executed at boot . Can be find in SYS:S/ Similar to
SYS: name given to the boot drive. Similar to C: des PC but not fixed
System a full Amiga OS = Kickstart + Workbench. Example: System 3.1
UAE Amiga Emulator with Window, Dos, Linux, PowerMac, Mac, Amiga, BeoS, Os/2 versions
User-startup Personnal script file that is executed at bootup. It's in SYS:S/ Similar to autoexec.bat
VistaPro 3D amiga Software for rendering landscape that has been adapted to PC.
Warp3D Driver and library for Amiga 3D graphics card. Similar to Direct3D for PC
WB-startup Workbench directory with programs to be run at bootup.
WCS = World Construction Set 3D amiga Software for rendering landscape that has been adapted to PC.
WipeOut2097 PC game that have been also adapted to Amiga
WORK: HD0: HD1: Classical names for Amiga Hard Drives.
Workbench = WB Part of the OS that
regroup icons,windows,drives and menus. Similar to
YAM, AmigaMail. Similar to MsMail
Z3 fast is memory that is in an extension card plugged in a Zorro Bus Z3. As the Amiga motherBoard can't accept more than 16Mb it was (a long time ago) the only way to extend memory beyond 16 Mb
Zorro Zorro connector are extensions connectors buse for Amigas ( Similar concept to PCI, ISA, Nubus)
Zorro I are (i think) 16 bits and fit out the Amiga 1000
Zorro II are 16 bits and fit out the Amigas 2000,2500
Zorro III are 32 bits and
fit out the Amigas 3000 et 4000